THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
Hanoi, March 30, 2021
ON DRUG PREVENTION AND CONTROL
Pursuant to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
The National Assembly promulgates the Law on Drug Prevention and Control.
Article 1. Scope of regulation
This Law provides drug prevention and control; management of illegal drug users; drug addiction treatment; responsibilities of individuals, families, agencies and organizations in drug prevention and control; and state management of, and international cooperation on, drug prevention and control.
Article 2. Interpretation of terms
In this Law, the terms below are construed as follows:
1. Narcotic substance means an addictive substance or a psychotropic substance on a list of narcotic substances promulgated by the Government.
2. Addictive substance means a stimulant or depressant that may easily cause addiction to users.
3. Psychotropic substance means a stimulant or depressant or hallucinogen that may cause addiction to users if being used for many times.
4. Precursor means a chemical indispensable in the process of preparation and production of narcotics and on the list of precursors promulgated by the Government.
5. Veterinary drug containing a narcotic substance or precursor means a veterinary drug containing a substance defined in Clause 2, 3 or 4 of this Article.
6. Narcotic plants include opium poppy, coca, marijuana or other plants bearing narcotic substances as specified by the Government.
7. Drug prevention and control means preventing, checking and fighting drug-related crimes and evils and controlling drug-related lawful activities.
8. Drug-related evil means illegal drug use, drug addiction or another act violating the drug-related law which is not serious enough for or not subject to penal liability examination.
9. Control of drug-related lawful activities means permitting, monitoring, inspecting and supervising drug-related lawful activities and preventing and checking the abuse of such activities for other purposes.
10. Illegal drug user means a person who uses narcotic substances without permission of a competent person or specialized agency and has positive drug test results.
11. Drug test means performance of specialized techniques to determine the presence or absence of narcotic substances in a human body based on urine samples, blood samples or other biological specimens.
12. Drug addict means a person who uses narcotic substances, addictive drugs or psychotropic drugs and depends on such substances or drugs.
13. Drug addiction treatment means performance of activities of providing medical, psychological and social assistance to help drug addicts stop using narcotic substances, addictive drugs or psychotropic drugs, rehabilitate their physical and mental wellness, raise their awareness about drug use, and change their behaviors in order to stop illegally using such substances or drugs.
14. Drug addiction treatment establishment means a public or voluntary drug addiction treatment establishment founded to fully perform the process of drug addiction treatment provided in this Law.
Article 3. The State’s policies on drug prevention and control
1. To take synchronously drug prevention and control measures; to combine drug prevention and control with prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other social evils.
2. To intensify public communication and education about drug prevention and control; to encourage organizations and individuals to participate in public communication and education about drug prevention and control.
3. To prioritize provision of resources for drug prevention and control in areas inhabited by ethnic minority people, mountainous, deep-lying and remote areas, islands, border areas and areas where drug-related situation is complicated.
4. To ensure that officers and soldiers of specialized agencies in charge of drug-related crime prevention and fighting, and persons engaged in drug addiction treatment activities at public drug addiction treatment establishments are entitled to preferential regimes and policies suitable to characteristics of their tasks and operation areas under the Government’s regulations.
5. To protect and assist individuals, families, agencies and organizations participating in drug prevention and control.
6. To strictly manage illegal drug users and drug addicts; to encourage drug addicts to willingly undergo drug addiction treatment and treatment of opioid addiction with alternatives; to encourage individuals, families, agencies and organizations to participate in and support drug addiction treatment and post-treatment management activities.
7. To ensure funds for compulsory drug addiction treatment; to partially pay expenses for voluntary drug addiction treatment and post-treatment management.
8. To ensure that domestic and foreign organizations and individuals investing in drug addiction treatment and providing support for post-treatment management and addiction relapse prevention and control are entitled to land rental and enterprise income tax exemption or reduction in accordance with law.
9. To promote scientific research, technology development and application of high technologies in drug prevention and control.
10. To commend and reward individuals, organizations and agencies that record merits in drug prevention and control.
Article 4. Financial sources for drug prevention and control
1. The state budget.
2. Donations, aid, investments and gifts of domestic and foreign organizations and individuals.
3. Payments by drug addicts and their families.
4. Other lawful financial sources.
Article 5. Prohibited acts
1. Cultivating narcotic plants or guiding cultivation of narcotic plants.
2. Illegally researching, assessing, testing, inspecting, producing, stockpiling, transporting, preserving, storing, trading in, distributing, disposing of, exchanging, importing, exporting, temporarily importing for re-export, temporarily exporting for re-import, or transiting narcotic substances, precursors, addictive drugs, psychotropic drugs, precursor drugs, drug materials being addictive pharmaceutical ingredients, psychotropic pharmaceutical ingredients, precursors used as drugs, and veterinary drugs containing narcotic substances or precursors.
3. Misappropriating narcotic substances, precursors, addictive drugs, psychotropic drugs, precursor drugs, drugs materials being addictive drugs, psychotropic pharmaceutical ingredients, precursors used as drugs, and veterinary drugs containing narcotic substances or precursors.
4. Illegally forwarding, managing, controlling, storing, dispensing or preserving narcotic substances and precursors; permitting use of narcotic substances, addictive drugs or psychotropic drugs in contravention of law.
5. Illegally using or organizing illegal use of narcotic substances; forcing or inciting others to illegally use narcotic substances; harboring or supporting illegal use of narcotic substances.
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 Công Báo Nos 567-568 (30/4/2021)