THE PRIME MINISTER
Decision No. 1819/QD-TTg dated November 16, 2017 of the Prime Minister on approving the agriculture restructuring plan 2017 - 2020
Pursuant to the Law on Government Organization dated June 19, 2015;
Pursuant to the National Assembly’s Resolution No. 24/2016/QH14 on economic restructuring 2016 – 2020 and Resolution No. 32/2016/QH14 on improving effectiveness of the national target program for services of new rural areas associated with agriculture restructuring;
Pursuant to the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 899/QD-TTg dated June 10, 2013 approving the agriculture restructuring scheme towards improving value added and safety sustainable development;
At the request of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural development,
Article 1. To issue the agriculture restructuring plan 2017 –with this Decision.
Article 2. This Decision takes effect on the signing date.
Article 3. Ministers, Heads of ministerial agencies, Heads of Governmental agencies, Presidents of provincial People’s Committees and the Steering Committee for agriculture restructuring shall implement this Decree./
For the Prime Minister
The Deputy Prime Minister
Trinh Dinh Dung
AGRICULTURE RESTRUCTURING FOR THE PERIOD 2017 – 2020
The 15th National Assembly during its second meeting issued Resolution No. 24/2016/QH14 on economic restructuring 2016 – 2020 and Resolution No. 32/2016/QH14 on improving effectiveness of the national target program for services of new rural areas associated with agriculture restructuring. To implement these Resolutions, the Prime Minister hereby promulgates the agriculture restructuring plan 2017 – 2020 with the following contents:
1. General objectives: sustainably develop agriculture and rural areas, increase value added, efficiency and competitiveness; improve life of farmers, reduce poverty, protect the environment and national security.
2. Specific objectives by 2020:
It is expected that:
Growth of GDP from agriculture reaches 3% per year; productivity increases by 3,5% per year; ratio of agricultural workers decreases to under 40%; ratio of trained agricultural workers reaches 22%;
Income of rural residents increases by at least 1,8 times compared to 2015; 50% co the communes meet standards for new rural areas; 15.000 agricultural cooperatives and cooperative associations operate effectively; most rural residents have access to clean water.
Climate change response and environmental protection is effective; emission from agricultural production is reduced; forest coverage reaches 42%.
II. ORIENTATION FOR THE PERIOD 2017 - 2020
1. Restructuring by product lines
Review planning, development strategy and production plans according to advantages and market demands to identify 3 categories:
- National key products (products whose export turnover is at least 1,0 billion USD, pork and poultry meat): review planning, strategy, plans and develop large-scale concentrated production areas; seek cooperation along the value chain and application of advanced technologies;
- Local key products: invest in these products according to local advantages and market demand as if national key products in a local scale; introduce policies and find solutions for increase the production scale and competitiveness in order to include them in national key products;
- Local specialties: including small-scale products having specific geographical indication, which will be develop together with new rural area development plans of rural districts and communes, according to which, each commune will have a separate specialty.
Keep reviewing and revising the plan for plant and product restructuring according to advantages, market demands and regional climate. Develop large-scale concentrated agricultural production areas; organize production chains for national key products; encourage clean and organic agriculture.
Enhance application of technology, use seeds that have high productivity, high quality, are adaptive to climate change; mechanize agricultural works, apply advanced processes and intensive farming; reduce the use of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides; effectively forecast and prevent pests.
Use low-productivity paddy field for other plants that have higher productivity and better market, or for aquaculture if suitable for local ecology; keep increasing the area of corn and soya-bean farms to have a stable source of raw materials for production of animal feeds; gradually reduce the total area of cassava plants; increase high-tech production of vegetables, flowers and herbs; keep developing perennial industrial plants where advantageous according to planning.
Farming value should increase by 2,0 – 2,5% per year; income per hectare by 3% per year.
Review application of the breeding development strategy to each type of animal and revise it according to market demands; develop large-scale and concentrated breeding areas for key products; maintain and develop breeding households applying advanced methods combined with organic and eco-friendly breeding.
Focus of breed improvement by increasing breeds with better productivity, quality and satisfy market demands;
Develop production along the value chain and trademark development; reorganize the slaughterhouse system to ensure food safety and environmental safety; effectively monitor and control epidemics; strictly control the use of veterinary medicines and additives in breeding; put an end to the use of banned substances in breeding.
Breeding value should increase by 4,0 – 5,0% per year; income by 5% per year.
Enhance offshore fishing; invest in modernizing processing and preserving equipment on fishing vessels to reduce post-harvest losses; reorganize production at sea by combining fishing, logistics, purchasing and processing at sea in association with protection and development of resources.
Develop aquaculture towards efficiency and sustainability; diversify products according to local advantages; organize production chain including breed supply, raw materials, technology, raising, processing; develop high-tech and eco-friendly intensive fish farms that applying good practice and biosafety standards.
Ensure that aquaculture of key products (shrimps, pangasius fish, molluscs, etc.) is certified; develop certain potential products (snakehead, tilapia, featherback, etc.) and marine aquaculture (lobster, marine fish, seaweed, etc.).
Aquaculture value should increase by 4,0 – 5,0% per year; income by at least 5% per year; fish production reaches 7 million tons.
Sustainably and effectively manage and use natural forests; strictly implement policies on closure of natural forests; conserve biodiversity, ecology and natural sceneries. Develop combined agriculture and forestry.
Improve efficiency of cultivated forests; develop multipurpose forestry, plant forests that produce big timber, high-value timber and non-timber forest products, especially herbs. Develop concentrated material areas serving timber treatment, production of paper and planks, etc.; organize forestry along the value chain, multiple forestry cooperation models.
Develop forest environment services; sustainable forest management and issuance of certificate of timber from cultivated forests according to Vietnam’s standards and international practice.
Forestry value should increase by 5,5 - 6% per year; forest coverage reaches 42% by 2020.
dd) Sale production
Upgrade and modernize salt fields, apply technological advances to increase production of industrial salt; improve productivity and quality, decrease salt production costs; focus on advantages in the central area; multiple the clean salt production model. Salt production should reach 2 million tons by 2020.
Areas for low-quality and low-productivity salt production should be used for aquaculture or other purposes.
e) Preservation, processing and trade villages
Improve production efficiency, sale of agriculture products and diversification of products; encourage development of deep processing, fine processing and application of high technology; decrease export of raw products.
Develop ancillary industry serving agricultural production; enhance mechanization of the entire value chain of agricultural production according to local conditions, each type of plant and animal.
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