SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
Hanoi, December 24, 2010
APPROVING THE MASTER PLAN ON DEVELOPMENT OF VIETNAM'S SEAPORT SYSTEM THROUGH 2020, WITH ORIENTATIONS TOWARD 2030
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
Considering the proposal of the Ministry of Transport (Report No. 5213/TTr-BGTVT of July 30, 2009) on the master plan on development of Vietnam's seaport system through 2020, with orientations toward 2030,
Article 1. To approve the master plan on development of Vietnam's seaport system through 2020, with orientations toward 2030, with the following principal contents:
1. Development viewpoints and objectives
a/ Development viewpoints
- To make the best of the advantaged geographical position and natural conditions for comprehensively developing the seaport system, making a breakthrough to modernization, quickly integrating with regional countries that have an advanced seaport sector, with a view to materializing the objectives of Vietnam's marine strategy through 2020, gradually developing maritime economy into a top spearhead in the five areas of marine economy and concurrently contributing to strengthening national security and defense;
- To reasonably develop national general ports, specialized ports and local ports, ensuring uniformity in the entire system. To attach importance to developing deepwater ports in all the northern, central and southern regions, creating open, big gateways to the open sea which are attractive to and influential on the neighboring countries; to incrementally consolidate, upgrade and expand other ports; to lay emphasis on maintenance work to ensure coordinated and effective operation of ports;
- To develop in a coordinated manner seaports and port-related infrastructure facilities, seaport infrastructure and public infrastructure connected to seaports. To attach special importance to the interconnectivity between seaports and national transport networks and core logistics centers in the region.
- To strongly develop seawards so as to quickly approach the open sea, reduce difficulties in port fairways; to contribute to creating a driving force for developing coastal economic, industrial and urban zones.
- To mobilize all domestic and foreign resources for seaport development. To promote the socialization of development investment in seaport infrastructure facilities, including not only piers but also public infrastructure connected to seaports (fairways, breakwaters, sand shelters, roads and electricity and water systems, etc.);
- To closely combine seaport development with management of environmental protection to ensure sustainable development and meet requirements of assurance of security and defense.
b/ Development objectives and orientations:
- Overall objectives:
To develop the seaport system under an overall and uniform planning nationwide in order to meet the requirements of national industrialization and modernization; to create technical and material bases for quickly realizing our country's integration and competition in seaport operations with other countries in the region and the world, affirming the country's position and advantages in marine economy; at the same time to contribute to assuring national security and defense. To form important core centers for international economic exchange as a driving force for developing coastal economic, urban and industrial zones.
- Specific objectives:
+ To ensure the throughput of all imports and exports and the exchange between different regions in the country by sea to meet the country's socio-economic development requirements. The throughput of goods through the entire seaport system at different points of time under the master plan is projected as follows:
Between 500 and 600 million tons/year by 2015;
Between 900 and 1,100 million tons/year by 2020;
Between 1,600 and 2,100 million tons/year by 2030.
+ To concentrate on building several deepwater ports up to international standards for large-tonnage ships, particularly Van Phong international transshipment port, Khanh Hoa, to receive container ships of between 9,000 and 15,000 TEU or bigger, oil tankers of between 300,000 and 400,000 DWT; international gateway ports in Hai Phong and Ba Ria-Vung Tau to receive ships of between 80,000 and 100,000 DWT and container ships of between 4,000 and 8,000TEU, and in other key economic regions when conditions permit; specialized ports for petrochemical refinery and metallurgy complexes and coal-fueled thermal electric centers (to receive ships of between 100.000 and 300,000 DWT or bigger). To attach importance to renovating and upgrading existing key regional ports; to build some selected local ports with functions and sizes conforming with socioeconomic development requirements and capital raising capability;
+ To develop in island districts wharves of sizes conforming with their natural and socioeconomic conditions to transport cargo and passengers in service of socio-economic development, security and defense;
+ To upgrade and develop in depth loading and unloading and management equipment and technological chains to quickly replace obsolete ones and improve service quality and increase competitiveness in the international integration in seaports;
+ To study and combine improvement with renovation and upgrading of port fairways in order to ensure convenient and safe navigation of large-tonnage ships, corresponding to the sizes of piers and suitable to the functions of ports.
2. Contents of the master plan
a/ By regional territory, the seaport system of Vietnam by 2020 with orientations toward 2030 will consist of 6 groups:
Group 1: The group of seaports in Northern Vietnam, including those from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh;
Group 2: The group of seaports in northern Central Vietnam, including those from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh;
Group 3: The group of seaports in central Central Vietnam, including those from Quang Binh to Quang Ngai;
Group 4: The group of seaports in southern Central Vietnam, including those from Binh Dinh to Binh Thuan;
Group 5: The group of seaports in eastern Southern Vietnam (including also Con Dao and along Soai Rap river in Long An and Tien Giang);
Group 6: The group of Mekong River delta seaports (including also Phu Quoc and southwestern islands).
b/ By size, functions and tasks, the seaport system of Vietnam can be divided into the following types:
- National general ports, which are major ports in Vietnam's seaport system, including:
+ International transshipment port: Van Phong-Khanh Hoa;
+ International gateway ports: Hai Phong and Ba Ria- Vung Tau;
+ Key regional ports: Hon Gai-Quang Ninh, Nghi Son-Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Son Duong, Vung Ang-Ha Tinh, Dung Quat-Quang Ngai, Quy Nhon-Binh Dinh, Nha Trang, Ba Ngoi-Khanh Hoa, Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, and Can Tho.
- Local ports of an attractive size and functioning to operate mainly within localities (provinces, cities).
- Specialized ports: To directly serve concentrated industrial establishments and certain particular commodities (crude oil, oil products, coal ore, cement, clinker, passengers, etc.) and constitute part of industrial establishments which they serve. Particularly for ports specializing in receiving and delivering imported coal for thermal electricity generation, a common key port will be arranged for each cluster of thermal electricity plants in each regional territory.
- In each port there may be many wharf areas each possibly having many wharves with more than one pier of different utilities and sizes complementing one another. In a specialized port there may be general cargo loading and unloading wharves with the main function of exclusively serving industrial establishments.
- Potential ports identified in the master plan will be developed when there are investment demand and capability, mainly in the subsequent period of the master plan; appropriate land areas should be allocated for developing these ports according to set econo-technical factors to ensure future investment effectiveness.
c/ Functions and development scope of each group of ports:
- Group of ports in Northern Vietnam (group 1):
The port throughput is expected to reach between 86 and 90 million tons/year (by 2015); between 118 and 163 million tons/year (by 2020); and between 242 and 313 million tons/year (by 2030).
+ Major ports in the group:
. Hai Phong: a national general port and an international gateway (grade IA), with the following functional zones:
Lach Huyen: a major wharf area of the port, mainly for handling general, containerized cargo imported and exported along long-distance shipping routes by ships of between 50,000 and 80,000 DWT or between 4,000 and 6,000 TEU.
Dinh Vu: Mainly for handling general, containerized cargo transported along short-distance shipping routes, having a specialized wharf for ships of between 20,000 and 30,000 DWT (reduced load).
. Hon Gai port, Quang Ninh: a national general port and key regional port (grade I), covering:
Cai Lan: a major wharf area of the port, mainly for handling general, containerized cargo for ships of 50,000 DWT or 3,000 TEU.
+ Specialized and local wharves in the group:
Some specialized wharves operating as satellites of major ports, such as oil product wharf; cement wharf; coal wharf for thermal electricity generation; Hon Gai passenger wharf (completely built for passengers aboard international tourist ships of up to 100,000 GRT); specialized wharf to directly serve economic and industrial zones in the group.
A detailed list of the sizes and functions of each port in the group of northern seaports from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh (group I) is provided in an appendix to this Decision and in Report No. 5213/TTr-BGTVT of July 30, 2009. of the Ministry of Transport.
- Group of northern Central Vietnam ports (group 2):
The port throughput is expected-to reach between 69 and 80 million tons/year (2015); between 132 and 152 million tons/year (2020); and between 212 and 248 million tons/year
+ Major ports in the group:
. Nghi Son-Thanh Hoa: a nationjj general port, key regional port (grade I), cohering the following functional wharf areas:
Northern Nghi Son, a specializedJSJiarf area for ships of between 10,000 and 30,000 DWT to serve the petro-chemical refinery and cement complex.
Southern Nghi Son, a wharf area for ships of between 30,000 and 50,000 DWI» with a
. Nghe An: a national general, port key regional port (grade I), covering the following functional wharf areas:
Cua Lo, a specialized wharf area, mainly for handling general cargo for ships of between 10,000 and 20,000 DWT. To study the possibility of building in northern and southern Cua Lo wharves for ships of between 30,000 35*1 50,000 DWT, taking into account development requirements and process of the economic zone.
. Son Duong, Vung Ang- Ha Tinh, specialized port, national general port, key regional port (grade I), covering the following wharf areas:
Son Duong, a specialized wharf area for ships of between 200,000 and 300,000 DWT, with a general wharf for ships of between 30,000 and 50,000 DWT to serve the metallurgical and petrochemical complex and other heavy industries.
Vung Ang, a general wharf area for ships of between 30,000 and 50,000 DWT, with a specialized wharf to serve the import of coal for thermal electricity generation and liquid products of general^etroleum depots.
+ Some specialized wharves as satellites of major port such as oil product port; cement port; coal port*far thermal electricity plants;
A detailed list of the sizes and functions of each port in the group of northern Central Vietnam seaports from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh (group 2|js provided in an appendix to this Decision and in Report No. 5213/TTr-BGTVT of July 30,*2009, of the Ministry of Transport.
- Group of central Central Vietnam ports
The port throughput is expected to reach between 41 and 46 million tons/year (2015); between 84 and 104 million tons/year (2020); and between 154 and 205 million tons/year (2030);
+ Major ports in the group:
- Da Nang: a national general port, key regional port (grade I), to be possibly developed in the hWg term to assume the role of an international gateway port in Central Vietnam, covering the following functional wharf areas:
Tien Sa, Son Tra, a major wharf area for handling general cargo for ships of between 30,000 and 50,000 DWT and container ships of 4,000 TEU; with a wharf for international tourist ships of up to 100,000 GRT.
In the immediate future, Lien Chieu will be a specialized port for ships of between 10,000 and
30,000 DWT and be incrementally developed in the future to assume the role of a major wharf area of Da Nang international gateway port for ships of between 50.000 and 80,000 DWT or between 4,000 and 6,000 TEU.
- Dung Quat-Quang Ngai: a national general port, key regional port (grade I), covering Dung Quat I (currently in Dung Quat bay) and Dung Quat II (to be developed in My Han bay), covering the following functional wharf areas:
Dung Quat I, a major wharf area with a general and containerized cargo wharf for ships of between 10,000 and 50,000 DWT, a specialized port for exporting products of the petrochemical refining complex by ships of between 10,000 and 30,000 DWT and of heavy industrial establishments by ships of between 20,000 and 70,000 DWT.